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Analysis of electrodermal evidence for a paramedullary afferent tract in patients with a transection of the thoracic spinal cord
  1. Marcus J. Fuhrer2
  1. Department of Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
  2. Department of Psychiatry, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.

    Abstract

    An effort was made to corroborate earlier reports that the central nervous system rostral to a functionally complete transection of the human spinal cord remains responsive to noxious stimulation of sites below the level of the transection. Nine patients were studied who had sustained a functionally complete transection of the thoracic spinal cord between T5 and T11 spinal segments. Noxious electrocutaneous stimulation or intense pressure was applied to a lower extremity while electrodermal activity was recorded concurrently from contralateral palmar sites which were shown to be under normal suprasegmental control. While electrodermal responses were occasionally recorded in the post-stimulus intervals, there was no tendency for these responses to exceed the number or amplitude of responses recorded during stimulus-free control periods. These results were interpreted as suggesting that the few responses observed during the post-stimulus intervals were not evoked by stimulation of the lower extremities and were instead representative of spontaneous electrodermal activity or were related to uncontrolled auditory or visual stimuli accompanying lower extremity stimulation. Additional results highlighted the importance of controlling accessory auditory and visual cues occurring in conjunction with lower extremity stimuli. In some patients with a transection above the sympathetic outflow to the lower extremities, it was shown that electrodermal responses from the plantar aspect of each foot could be elicited reliably by lower extremity stimuli. These results confirmed previously reported evidence that the functionally isolated human spinal cord can reflexly mediate electrodermal responses.

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    Footnotes

    • 2 Also at the Texas Institute for Rehabilitation and Research, Texas Medical Center, Houston, Texas 77025, U.S.A., to which address requests for reprints should be sent.

    • 1 Supported by Research Grant NS07755-02 from the National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke and by Grant RT-4 from the Social and Rehabilitation Service.

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