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Impairment of repetitive impulse conduction in experimentally demyelinated and pressure-injured nerves ,
  1. Floyd A. Davis
  1. Department of Neurology, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

    Abstract

    Repetitive impulse conduction was studied in segmentally demyelinated peripheral nerves in guinea-pigs with experimental allergic neuritis (EAN) and in pressure-injured frog sciatic nerves. Normal guinea-pig sciatic-peroneal nerves maintained at 37°C conducted compound action potentials with only minor amplitude decreases at stimulus frequencies up to 200/sec. In contrast, nerves in EAN guinea-pigs maintained at 37°C demonstrated a rapidly progressive decrease in action potential amplitude when stimulated as slowly as 10-25/sec. The decrease is greater the higher the frequency of stimulation. At 100 stimuli/sec all EAN preparations showed more than a 50% reduction in action potential amplitude. These effects are reversible. In pressure-injured frog sciatic nerves similar effects occurred at stimulus frequencies as low as 50/sec. Normal frog nerves conducted up to 200 impulses/sec with little amplitude decrease. The probable mechanism and clinical significance of these results are discussed.

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    Footnotes

    • 1 Presented, in part, at the Twenty-third Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology, New York, April 1971.

    • 2 Supported by the Morris Multiple Sclerosis Research Fund.

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