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Clinical pharmacology of pyridostigmine and neostigmine in patients with myasthenia gravis.
  1. S M Aquilonius,
  2. S A Eckernäs,
  3. P Hartvig,
  4. B Lindström,
  5. P O Osterman,
  6. E Stålberg

    Abstract

    Determination of plasma concentration of pyridostigmine in 20 myasthenic patients on maintenance therapy revealed rather small intraindividual variations within a dose interval. The predose concentration varied considerably between different patients and up to seven fold in patients on the same daily dose. No pharmacokinetic interaction between pyridostigmine and neostigmine was found in five patients studied. In six patients the decrement in the deltoid muscle was studied in parallel with determination of the plasma concentrations following administration of pyridostigmine or neostigmine. In these patients the existence of a "bell-shaped" dose response curve is suggested with the maximal effect at a concentration of 30-60 ng/ml for pyridostigmine and 5-15 ng/ml for neostigmine.

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