Article Text

PDF

Rhabdomyolysis and concomitant neurological lesions after intravenous heroin abuse.
  1. J de Gans,
  2. J Stam,
  3. G K van Wijngaarden

    Abstract

    Seven cases of rhabdomyolysis in heroin addicts are presented. All patients showed concomitant neurological symptoms suggesting mononeuropathy, incomplete plexus lesions or myelopathy. In most cases rhabdomyolysis occurred without preceding trauma to the muscles (for example tissue compression or coma). Five patients had a history of recently resumed heroin abuse after prolonged abstinence. An allergic or toxic reaction to heroin or adulterants seems to be more likely than trauma in the pathogenesis of these complications. Severe rhabdomyolysis can occur without visible muscular swelling. Routine screening of creatine kinase is recommended in heroin addicts with neurological complications, as rhabdomyolysis may lead to fatal renal failure and may easily fail to be diagnosed.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.