Article Text

PDF

A double-blind controlled trial of high dose methylprednisolone in patients with multiple sclerosis: 1. Clinical effects.
  1. N M Milligan,
  2. R Newcombe,
  3. D A Compston

    Abstract

    A randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of high-dose, pulsed intravenous methylprednisolone was carried out in 50 individuals with multiple sclerosis; 22 patients were in acute relapse and 28 had chronic progressive disease. After a baseline assessment using the Kurtzke functional and expanded disability status scales each patient was randomly allocated to intravenous treatment with methylprednisolone (500 mg) or a saline placebo administered as a single daily dose for 5 days. Clinical assessments were repeated at 1 and 4 weeks after starting treatment. The results from all 50 patients showed a highly significant effect in favour of methylprednisolone treatment (p less than 0.001). In patients with relapse, there was a significant decrease in clinical disability scores at 1 and 4 weeks in the methylprednisolone treated group compared with controls (p less than 0.05 for each comparison). In the chronic progressive group, disability scores at 4 weeks only were significantly lower after treatment with methylprednisolone (p less than 0.01), mainly attributable to improvement in pyramidal function.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.