Temporal lobe structure has been assessed by magnetic resonance imaging in groups of patients with schizophrenia (n = 21) bipolar affective disorder (n = 20) and normal controls (n = 21). In the temporal lobe area a significant (p less than 0.05) diagnosis by side interaction was present, the area being less on the left than on the right side in patients with schizophrenia in contrast to findings in the two other groups. Lateral ventricular and temporal horn area did not distinguish the groups as a whole. However, there was a significant (p less than 0.05) relationship between lateral ventricular area and poor outcome, and in an analysis confined to males, patients with schizophrenia (n = 15) were found to have significantly (p less than 0.05) enlarged temporal horns.
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