This investigation evaluated the role of preoperative psychological adjustment, degree of postoperative seizure reduction, and other relevant variables (age, education, IQ, age at onset of epilepsy, laterality of resection) in determining emotional/psychosocial outcome following anterior temporal lobectomy. Ninety seven patients with complex partial seizures of temporal lobe origin were administered the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), Washington Psychosocial Seizure Inventory (WPSI), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) both before and six to eight months after anterior temporal lobectomy. The data were subjected to a nonparametric rank sum technique (O'Brien's procedure) which combined the test scores to form a single outcome index (TOTAL PSYCHOSOCIAL OUTCOME) that was analysed by multiple regression procedures. Results indicated that the most powerful predictors of patients' overall postoperative psychosocial outcome were: 1) The adequacy of their preoperative psychosocial adjustment, and 2) A totally seizure-free outcome. Additional analyses were carried out separately on the MMPI, WPSI, and GHQ to determine whether findings varied as a function of the specific outcome measure. These results were related to the larger literature concerned with the psychological outcome of anterior temporal lobectomy.
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