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Apomorphine induced cognitive changes in Parkinson's disease.
  1. E Růzicka,
  2. J Roth,
  3. N Spacková,
  4. P Mecír,
  5. R Jech
  1. Clinic of Neurology, 1st Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Abstract

Auditory event related potentials (ERPs) and visual evoked potentials (VEPs) were recorded from eight patients with Parkinson's disease, before and after a single dose of apomorphine. To assess the treatment effects, the patients' motor state, Benton visual retention test (BVRT), and digit span tests were also examined. After apomorphine, although motor performance improved, the ERP latencies were delayed and the N2-P3 ERP amplitude was significantly diminished by comparison with pretreatment values. These data suggest that apomorphine induces, besides its motor effects in patients with Parkinson's disease, a slowing down of cognitive processing. Preferential stimulation of dopamine autoreceptors in mesocortical and mesolimbic systems may represent a neural mechanism for these effects. Also, the posttreatment BVRT rotation errors significantly increased, suggesting an apomorphine induced impairment of visuospatial perception.

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