Extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass operation may be performed to augment the distal cerebral circulation. The bypass patency is usually assessed postoperatively with conventional cerebral angiography. Six patients are reported in whom the bypass patency was assessed using magnetic resonance angiography (MRA): Two had intracavernous carotid aneurysms, three had base of skull tumours encompassing the internal carotid artery, and one had occlusion of the right internal carotid artery with poor collateral reserve as confirmed by an acetazolamide stimulation test. Postoperative conventional cerebral angiography was also obtained in three patients for comparison. The MRA correlated reasonably well with conventional cerebral angiography in showing bypass patency, although conventional cerebral angiography was superior in demonstrating small vessels; MRA has the added advantage of showing the relative flow contribution and flow direction under physiological conditions by using targeted presaturation pulses.