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J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 68:117-118 doi:10.1136/jnnp.68.1.117
  • Letters to the editor

Selective hemihypaesthesia due to tentorial coup injury against dorsolateral midbrain: potential cause of sensory impairment after closed head injury

  1. NAOKATSU SAEKI,
  2. YOSHINORI HIGUCHI
  1. Departments of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University, School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan
  2. Kawatetsu Chiba Hospital, Japan
  3. Departments of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University, School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan
  1. Dr Naokatsu Saeki, Department of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University, School of Medicine, 1–8–1 Inohana, Chuoh-ku Chiba-shi, Chiba Japan 260–8670 email saeki{at}med.m.chiba-u.ac.jp
  1. KENRO SUNAMI
  1. Departments of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University, School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan
  2. Kawatetsu Chiba Hospital, Japan
  3. Departments of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University, School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan
  1. Dr Naokatsu Saeki, Department of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University, School of Medicine, 1–8–1 Inohana, Chuoh-ku Chiba-shi, Chiba Japan 260–8670 email saeki{at}med.m.chiba-u.ac.jp
  1. AKIRA YAMAURA
  1. Departments of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University, School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan
  2. Kawatetsu Chiba Hospital, Japan
  3. Departments of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University, School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan
  1. Dr Naokatsu Saeki, Department of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University, School of Medicine, 1–8–1 Inohana, Chuoh-ku Chiba-shi, Chiba Japan 260–8670 email saeki{at}med.m.chiba-u.ac.jp

    A 63 year old woman who fell off her bicycle had a left temporal region head injury with evidence of initial loss of consciousness of 5 minutes and scalp excoriation of that area. On arrival at our hospital 30 minutes later she was alert and oriented. Cranial nerve functions, including extraocular motion and hearing function, were preserved. Pain and temperature sensations of the right side, including her face, showed a 70% decrease compared with the left side; however, position and vibration sensations were normal. Other neurological examinations, including motor function, coordination, and deep tendon reflex, were normal. The patient's only complaints were left temporal headache and right hemihypaesthesia.

    Brain CT on admission showed a discrete and linear high density at the left ambient cistern without other intracranial lesions. On the next day CT showed an obscure low density lesion at the dorsolateral midbrain in addition to the previous lesion (figure).

    Brain MRI, taken 3 days later, demonstrated an intraparenchymal lesion, at the surface of the left dorsolateral midbrain in high intensity on a T2 weighted image. …