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André Chantemesse (1851–1919)
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    Chantemesse was a French bacteriologist who became a colleague of Pasteur with his thesis on tuberculous meningitis. He began studying bacteriology with Georges Widal. Using animal experiments during work with Widal he succeeded in preventing typhoid. Chantemesse's other work included culture of the dysentery bacillus, vaccination of humans, and bacteriological examination of water. He was a physician in Paris, later Professor at the medical academy, and chief hygienic technician of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Chantemesse was honoured philatelically by France in 1982 (Stanley Gibbons 2515, Scott B543).

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