J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 71:524 doi:10.1136/jnnp.71.4.524
  • Neurological stamp

Jean Martin Charcot (1825–93) and Jean Baptiste Charcot (1867–1936)

Jean Martin Charcot spent more than 30 years of his career at the Salpêtrière and established the great school of neurology there. Charcot's interest in neurology was slow to evolve. He was inspired largely by his contemporary, Duchenne. Charcot was also a contemporary of Broca. Freud was among his pupils. Charcot's famous lessons dealt with all matters of neurological importance, including cerebral localisation in 1875 and 1876. Early in his career he also made several contributions to general medicine. His particular interests included hysteria and hypnotism

Charcot convincingly demonstrated cortical motor centres in humans. He delineated the brain's vascular …