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J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 75:314-316 doi:10.1136/jnnp.2003.010678
  • Short report

The use of contact lenses to treat visually symptomatic congenital nystagmus

  1. V Biousse1,2,
  2. R J Tusa2,
  3. B Russell1,
  4. M S Azran1,
  5. V Das2,
  6. M S Schubert2,
  7. M Ward1,
  8. N J Newman1,2,3
  1. 1Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
  2. 2Department of Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
  3. 3Department of Neurological Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Valérie Biousse
 Neuro-ophthalmology Unit, Emory Eye Center. 1365-B Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA; vbioussemory.edu
  • Received 17 February 2003
  • Accepted 21 July 2003
  • Revised 21 July 2003

Abstract

It has been suggested that contact lens wear improves the visual function of patients with visual loss from congenital nystagmus. In this study, four patients with congenital nystagmus had two evaluations separated by at least one week (one with spectacles, one with contact lenses) including visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, oscillopsia scale, quality of life questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25), and eye movement recording with an infrared tracking system. All patients subjectively preferred contact lenses to spectacles. Their contrast sensitivity and VFQ-25 scores were improved with contact lenses compared with spectacles alone. Several parameters of nystagmus showed no change in two patients, worsening in one patient and improvement in one patient. This suggests that much of the clinical improvement observed in our patients may result from a better optical correction of their refractive error with contact lenses than with spectacles, rather than from a true damping effect of the nystagmus by contact lenses.

Footnotes

  • This study was supported in part by a departmental grant (Department of Ophthalmology) from Research to Prevent Blindness, Inc, New York, NY, and by core grant P30-EY06360 (Department of Ophthalmology) from the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr Newman is a recipient of a Research to Prevent Blindness Lew R Wasserman Merit Award.

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