J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 77:107-110 doi:10.1136/jnnp.2005.062554
  • Short report

Hemifacial motor and crying seizures of temporal lobe onset: case report and review of electro-clinical localisation

  1. R E Hogan,
  2. V K Rao
  1. Department of Neurology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr R Edward Hogan
 Department of Neurology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 1221 S Grand, Epilepsy Offices, St Louis, MO 63104, USA; hoganr2{at}
  • Received 5 January 2005
  • Accepted 26 April 2005
  • Revised 18 April 2005


Objective: To report a case of temporal lobe epilepsy with clinical presentation of paroxysmal episodes of “tightness” over the right hemiface, and ictal crying, and review electroclinical localisation of this phenomenon.

Methods: Clinical semiology, neurophysiological localising tests, and epilepsy surgery outcome are reported in a subject presenting with paroxysmal right hemifacial movements and ictal crying. Pertinent past reports of somato-motor signs and ictal crying in temporal lobe epilepsy are reviewed and the findings correlated with proposed human facial cortical representation.

Results: Simple partial seizures caused by temporal lobe epilepsy presented with right sided tonic facial movements and ictal crying. Intracranial EEG monitoring documented a left medial temporal onset of seizures that remained asymptomatic until they propagated to the left cingulate region. Anterior temporal lobectomy with resection of the amygdala and anterior hippocampus resulted in cessation of seizures.

Conclusions: This is a rare example of epileptic seizures of medial temporal onset presenting with isolated somato-motor manifestations and ictal crying. Anatomical-electrical-clinical correlations with cortical regions controlling facial movements were highly suggestive that this case represents secondary activation of “emotional” motor cortex M3 and M4 (rostral and caudal cingulate motor cortex), giving rise to focal hemifacial movements and ictal crying.


  • Competing interests: none declared

  • Consent was obtained for publication of figure 1

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