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J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 77:521-524 doi:10.1136/jnnp.2005.073577
  • Short report

Evaluation of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the phosphodiesterase 4D gene (PDE4D) and their association with ischaemic stroke in a large German cohort

  1. G Kuhlenbäumer1,
  2. K Berger2,
  3. A Huge7,
  4. E Lange3,
  5. C Kessler4,
  6. U John4,
  7. H Funke6,
  8. D G Nabavi1,
  9. F Stögbauer3,
  10. E B Ringelstein1,*,
  11. M Stoll7,*
  1. 1Department of Neurology and Leibniz-Institute for Atherosclerosis Research, University of Muenster, Germany
  2. 2Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Muenster, Germany
  3. 3Department of Neurology, University of Muenster, Germany
  4. 4Department of Neurology, University of Greifswald, Germany
  5. 5Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Greifswald, Germany
  6. 6Department of Molecular Hemostaseology, University of Jena, Germany
  7. 7Leibniz-Institute for Atherosclerosis Research, University of Muenster, Germany
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr G Kuhlenbäumer
 Department of Neurology, University of Münster, Albert-Schweitzer Str. 33, 48129, Münster; gkuhlen{at}uni-muenster.de
  • Received 7 June 2005
  • Accepted 27 October 2005
  • Revised 21 September 2005

Abstract

Genetic fine mapping of the first locus identified for genetically complex forms of stroke, STRK1 (which has been mapped to chromosome 5q12 in Icelandic families), has identified the phosphodiesterase 4D gene (PDE4D) gene as a good candidate gene. Association analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the PDE4D gene in an Icelandic stroke cohort demonstrated genetic association between six SNPs in the 5′ region of PDE4D and ischaemic stroke. The present study aimed to test whether the same six SNPs in PDE4D were also associated with stroke in a large stroke cohort from northern Germany (stroke patients with acute completed ischaemic stroke: n = 1181; population based controls: n = 1569). None of the six SNPs showed significant association with ischaemic stroke in the whole stroke sample before and after adjustment for conventional stroke risk factors (age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolaemia). Haplotype analysis did also not reveal any significant association. Marginally positive statistical measures of association in the subgroup with cardioembolic stroke did not remain significant after correction for multiple testing. In conclusion, this study was unable to demonstrate an association between the six SNPs which had showed significant single marker association with stroke in the Icelandic stroke cohort and ischaemic stroke in a large German cohort.

Footnotes

  • * These authors share senior authorship

  • This project is in part sponsored by the German ‘Competence Net Stroke’ which is supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (01GI9909/3). The “Dortmund Health Study” is supported by the German Migraine and Headache Society. The Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) is funded by grants from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF,01ZZ96030), and from the Ministry for Education, Research and Cultural Affairs and the Ministry for Social Affairs of the Federal State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

  • Competing interests: none declared

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