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Cluster headache is a primary headache disorder diagnosed according to the criteria of the International Headache Society.1 Previous epidemiological studies have shown prevalence rates of 0.056–0.38%. These were lifetime prevalence rates which are subject to recall bias. No population based prevalence rates for Germany have been published to date. Despite the use of common criteria, sociocultural influences on the classification of cluster headache may be significant. Thus it is important to compare epidemiological study results from different countries to elucidate such relations.
We conducted a population based survey on the prevalence of cluster headache in Germany which was part of a larger epidemiological study on the prevalence of different headache types and which was coordinated by the German Migraine and Headache Society (DMKG).
A sample of 3425 inhabitants of the city of Dortmund, Germany, aged 25–75 years, was randomly selected and invited to participate in a larger epidemiological study …
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