J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:852 doi:10.1136/jnnp.2007.118380
  • Historical note

Marie Jean Pierre Flourens (1794–1867): an extraordinary scientist of his time

  1. Fatos Belgin Yildirim,
  2. Levent Sarikcioglu
  1. Department of Anatomy, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Fatos Belgin Yildirim
 Department of Anatomy, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, 07070 Antalya, Turkey; yildirimfb{at}

    Marie Jean Pierre Flourens was a French physician, famous for various significant discoveries relating to the nervous system, cerebral localisation and brain functions. He was known for his studies on brain physiology. He was one of the pioneers in the usage of experimental methods in neuroanatomy.1

    He was born on 15 April 1794, in Maureilhan, France. He received his medical degree from the University of Montpellier in 1809. He then went to Paris and worked with botanist Agustin de Condelle (1779–1841) and palaeontologists Georges Cuvier (1769–1832), and later became attracted to the study of neurophysiology. In 1833, Flourens became a Professor of Anatomy at the College de France. In 1838, he was returned …

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