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The use of EEG in the diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies
  1. G Roks1,2,
  2. E S C Korf1,
  3. W M van der Flier1,
  4. P Scheltens1,
  5. C J Stam3
  1. 1
    Alzheimer Center, VU University Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2
    St Elisabeth Hospital, Department of Neurology, Tilburg, The Netherlands
  3. 3
    VU University Medical Center, Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  1. G Roks, St Elisabeth Hospital, Department of Neurology, PO Box 90151, 5000 LC Tilburg, The Netherlands; g.roks{at}elisabeth.nl

Abstract

Although reports on EEG in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are conflicting, the recent diagnostic guidelines define EEG abnormalities as being supportive for the diagnosis. We examined EEG abnormalities in 18 patients with DLB, 34 patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and 36 patients with subjective memory complaints (SMC) using the Grand Total EEG (GTE) score. There was a difference in median GTE score of DLB (11.0), AD (4.8) and SMC (2.5) (p<0.001). Patients with DLB had higher scores than patients with AD. ROC analyses revealed that patients with DLB could be distinguished from those with AD with a sensitivity of 72% and a specificity of 85% at a GTE cut-off of 9.5. The association between GTE and DLB was independent of age, gender, Mini Mental State Examination and medication use. Frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA) was found in 2.9% of the patients with AD and in 33.3% of the patients with DLB. The GTE is a simple EEG scoring method that can be helpful in the differential diagnosis between DLB and AD with good sensitivity and specificity.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: PS is Associate Editor of the JNNP but had no role in the review process.

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