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Long-term follow-up of pallidal deep brain stimulation in two cases of Huntington's disease
  1. Gail A Kang1,2,
  2. Susan Heath1,
  3. Johannes Rothlind3,
  4. Philip A Starr1,4
  1. 1Parkinson's Disease Research, Education and Clinical Center, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA
  2. 2Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
  3. 3Department of Mental Health Services, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA
  4. 4Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Gail A Kang, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Parkinson's Disease Research, Education and Clinical Center, 4150 Clement Street 127P, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA; gakang{at}comcast.net

Abstract

Background Deep brain stimulator (DBS) implantation has been shown to be effective in the treatment of various movement disorders including Parkinson's disease, essential tremor and dystonia. However, there is limited information regarding the potential use of DBS in Huntington's disease (HD). In this study, the authors present their findings on the long-term motor and neurocognitive results of two HD patients (patient 1: 57 years, 42 cytosine-adenine guanine (CAG) repeats; patient 2: 50 years, 41 CAG repeats) who underwent staged bilateral globus pallidus interna DBS surgery.

Methods The patients were evaluated at baseline and at five timepoints throughout a 2-year postoperative during which motoric ratings ((Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale), Activities of Daily Living scores (HD-ADL) and neurocognitive testing) were obtained.

Results Both patients had a sustained decline in chorea 2 years after initial DBS surgery. Despite this improvement in chorea, one patient has had continuing deterioration in gait, bradykinesia and dystonia scores, which has caused his ability to perform activities of daily living to return to his baseline level of functioning prior to DBS surgery. Both patients have experienced further gradual decline in neurocognitive functioning, which appears to be independent of DBS and most likely related to disease progression.

Conclusion DBS implantation may be a potential treatment option for a subset of HD patients who have significant functional deficits due to chorea. However, appropriate selection of the best candidates for DBS appears to be challenging, given the difficulty in predicting disease course in HD due to its variable nature.

  • Cognition
  • Huntington's
  • movement disorders
  • surgery

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Footnotes

  • Funding Parkinson's Disease Research Education Clinical Center

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by the San Francisco VA Medical Center Institutional Review Board.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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