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Publication in peer-reviewed journals of work presented in abstract form at clinical academic meetings is important, given that under-reporting of research findings may distort the published literature and constitute research misconduct.1 A systematic review suggests that only around 30% of abstracts submitted to biomedical meetings achieve publication.1 The fate of abstracts presented at neurology meetings in the UK, and factors associated with subsequent publication, have not to our knowledge been studied.
We performed a PubMed search of titles, first and last authors of abstracts presented at Association of British Neurologists (ABN) meetings between 2007 and 2009. An independent search of the abstracts from one ABN meeting showed excellent inter-rater reliability (Cohen's κ=0.870; p<0.0001). The …