Background Rating movement disorders is at best semiquantitative and highly subjective.
Aims To provide an objective and quantitive method for measurement of movement disorders.
Methods Patients and controls were videotaped under standard conditions with smart phones equiped with Android systems and with programs obtained from Mementum, a software tool that measures motor performance in neurological diseases. Mementum connected to the cloud where the algorithms process the data. The tests preloaded were concerned with movement of face, head and neck. This test is performed twice, 1) with the quiet and silent, and 2) with the patient counting. The video takes 24 frames per second (raw signal = 240 pictures). The cloud algorithms separate each frame and compute the differences (number of pixel in the same place and with the same intensities) between every two frames. This process minimises the impact of light, distance to the camera, hair dress or clothes. The outcomes include: a) global movement: it represents the normalised movement average (from 0 = no movement, to 100 = maximal movement); b) displacement in the plane; c) in depth displacement: zooming (near of far) the smart phone camera.
Statistical comparison of the results was performed with ANOVA followed by the Fisher’s exact test. Differences were significant when p < 0.05.
Results We included 89 subjects in this stydy: Controls, n = 23; HD, n = 43; 50% risk of HD, n = 6; pre-manifested gene carriers of HD, n = 6; PD, n = 10; PSP, n = 2. Twelve patients with HD were taking medications which could decrease craneo-facial movements. Manifest HD patients followed by those with pre-manifested HD had the most movements and PSP the least. Counting increased movements in all groups and increased the differences inter-group.
Conclusions Simple and free applications, in smart phones, provide meaningful data for the evaluation and treatment of patients with HD.
- video analysis
- smart phones
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.