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E3 Quantitative video analysis of cranial and facial movements in huntington’s disease and other movement disorders
  1. Justo Garcia de Yebenes1,2,
  2. María Angeles Mena1,3,
  3. José Luis Lopez Sendon2,
  4. Blas Morales4,
  5. Manuel Fraga5,
  6. Jesus Pancorbo5,
  7. Jose Luis Marina5
  1. 1Fundación para Investigaciones Neurologicas, Madrid, Spain
  2. 2Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
  3. 3CIBERNED, Madrid, Spain
  4. 4Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, Spain
  5. 5Taniwa solutions. Madrid, Spain

Abstract

Background Rating movement disorders is at best semiquantitative and highly subjective.

Aims To provide an objective and quantitive method for measurement of movement disorders.

Methods Patients and controls were videotaped under standard conditions with smart phones equiped with Android systems and with programs obtained from Mementum, a software tool that measures motor performance in neurological diseases. Mementum connected to the cloud where the algorithms process the data. The tests preloaded were concerned with movement of face, head and neck. This test is performed twice, 1) with the quiet and silent, and 2) with the patient counting. The video takes 24 frames per second (raw signal = 240 pictures). The cloud algorithms separate each frame and compute the differences (number of pixel in the same place and with the same intensities) between every two frames. This process minimises the impact of light, distance to the camera, hair dress or clothes. The outcomes include: a) global movement: it represents the normalised movement average (from 0 = no movement, to 100 = maximal movement); b) displacement in the plane; c) in depth displacement: zooming (near of far) the smart phone camera.

Statistical comparison of the results was performed with ANOVA followed by the Fisher’s exact test. Differences were significant when p < 0.05.

Results We included 89 subjects in this stydy: Controls, n = 23; HD, n = 43; 50% risk of HD, n = 6; pre-manifested gene carriers of HD, n = 6; PD, n = 10; PSP, n = 2. Twelve patients with HD were taking medications which could decrease craneo-facial movements. Manifest HD patients followed by those with pre-manifested HD had the most movements and PSP the least. Counting increased movements in all groups and increased the differences inter-group.

Conclusions Simple and free applications, in smart phones, provide meaningful data for the evaluation and treatment of patients with HD.

  • video analysis
  • smart phones

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