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Body lateropulsion as an isolated or predominant symptom of a pontine infarction
  1. Hyon-Ah Yi
  1. Keimyung University School of Medicine, Korea, Republic of
    1. Hyun-Ah Kim
    1. Keimyung University School of Medicine, Korea, Republic of
      1. Hyung Lee (hlee{at}dsmc.or.kr)
      1. Keimyung University School of Medicine, Korea, Republic of
        1. Robert W. Baloh
        1. UCLA School of Medicine, United States

          Abstract

          Background: Body lateropulsion with falling to one side is a well-known clinical feature of stroke in the posterior circulation. Body lateropulsion as an isolated or predominant manifestation of a pontine stroke has not previously been reported.

          Objectives: To elucidate the possible mechanisms of patients presenting with body lateropulsion as an isolated or predominant symptom of an isolated pontine infarction.

          Methods: Between May 2004 and February 2006, out of 134 admitted patients with an isolated pontine stroke we identified 8 consecutive patients (6.0%) in the Keimyung University Stroke Registry who had body lateropulsion as the main presenting symptom.

          Results: All lesions were localized to the paramedian tegmentum just ventral to the 4th ventricle. All except 1 showed a uniform pattern of body lateropulsion, in which the direction of falling was away from the side of an infarct. In 2 patients, body lateropulsion was the sole clinical manifestation, whereas the other patients had other neurological signs. All but 1 had contraversive tilting of the subjective visual vertical (SVV). In all cases, the direction of SVV tilt corresponded to the direction of body lateropulsion. The mean net tilt angle was 6.1 degrees.

          Conclusions: Based on the known anatomy of ascending vestibular pathways, the SVV tilting, and MRI findings, body lateropulsion probably results from damage to the graviceptive pathway ascending through paramedian pontine tegmentum.

          • body lateropulsion
          • pontine infarction

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