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The usefulness of clinical findings in localizing lesions in Bell's palsy: comparison with MRI
  1. Jung Im Seok (ji-helpgod{at}hanmail.net)
  1. Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Korea, Republic of
    1. Dong Kuck Lee (dklee{at}cu.ac.kr)
    1. Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Korea, Republic of
      1. Kyung Jib Kim
      1. Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Korea, Republic of

        Abstract

        Background: Although electrophysiological tests and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provide information about the site of the lesion in Bell¡¦s palsy, clinicians usually depend on clinical data. However, the accuracy of clinical findings in identifying lesions has never been evaluated.

        Method: A total of 57 patients with idiopathic peripheral facial palsy were included in this study. We determined the sites of the lesions based on associated symptoms and by brain MRI. We then compared the two to assess the value of clinical findings in determining lesion sites.

        Results: Of the 57 patients, 27 were men. The mean age of all patients was 50.6 ¡&Oacute 16.7 years. The lesion sites determined from clinical findings were as follows: the infrageniculate-suprastapedial segment, 13 (23%); the infrastapedial-suprachordal segment, 9 (16%); and the mastoid segment, 35 (61%). No sites were classified as involving the suprageniculate segment. On brain MRI, 51 (89%) of the 57 patients showed abnormal enhancement of the facial nerve, with the most common area being the suprageniculate segment, including the distal intrameatal, labyrinthine, and geniculate ganglion.

        Conclusions: We demonstrate that the clinical history is not helpful in determining the site of a lesion in Bell¡¦s palsy. The segment most frequently involved in Bell¡¦s palsy is the suprageniculate segment.

        • Bell's palsy
        • localization
        • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

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