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A case of malignant monophasic multiple sclerosis (Marburg’s disease type) successfully treated with decompressive hemicraniectomy
  1. Jose J González Sánchez (jjgcmb{at}hotmail.com)
  1. Hospital Clinic of Barcelone. Clinic Institute of Nervous System Disease. Division of Neurosurgery, Spain
    1. Joaquim Ensenyat Nora (jensenat{at}clinic.ub.es)
    1. Hospital Clinic of Barcelone. Clinic Institute of Nervous System Disease. Division of Neurosurgery, Spain
      1. Matteo de Notaris (matteodenotaris{at}gmail.com)
      1. Department of Neurological Sciences, División Neurosurgery, Universita Studi di Napoli Federico II, Italy
        1. Jordi Rumià Arboix (jrumia{at}clinic.ub.es)
        1. Hospital Clinic of Barcelone. Clinic Institute of Nervous System Disease. Division of Neurosurgery, Spain
          1. Carlos García-Amorena García (amorena{at}clinic.ub.es)
          1. Hospital Clinic of Barcelone. Clinic Institute of Nervous System Disease. Division of Neurosurgery, Spain
            1. Enrique Ferrer Rodríguez (eferrer{at}clinic.ub.es)
            1. Hospital Clinic of Barcelone. Clinic Institute of Nervous System Disease. Division of Neurosurgery, Spain

              Abstract

              Marburg’s disease is a variant of multiple sclerosis which produces a monophasic fulminant course with extended edema and brain herniation refractory to intensive medical treatments and with poor outcome or dead. We report a case of a 31 years old female patient previously healthy who presented an hyperacute onset of pseudotumoral Marburg’s type of Multiple Sclerosis with left hemispheric massive brain swelling. On the seventh day of admission, patient’s intracranial pressure became uncontrolled in spite of medical aggressive treatment. Left decompressive hemicraniectomy allowed intracranial pressure control. Patient had an excellent outcome with an Expanded Disability Status Scale of 2.5.

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