Chronic pain can be considered as a highly salient stimulus that continuously taxes the attentional and salience processing networks, thus interfering with cognitive abilities and, more specifically, consuming attentional resources. The aim of the paper was to explore whether and how diabetic neuropathic pain (NP) affects attentional networks. We sought to achieve this by investigating resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) in diabetic NP patients and comparing it with that of matched healthy controls. NP patients showed a widespread reduction of connectivity in both the dorsal and ventral attentional networks, as well as in the dorsal anterior cingulated cortex (ACC), typically implicated in salience processing. We also found a generalized reduction of the length of functional connections in the NP group: in all the examined networks, the Euclidian distance between connected voxels was significantly shorter in patients vs. controls. In sum, our work showed that in diabetic NP pain a parieto-fronto-cingulate network controlling attention to external stimuli is impaired. In line with previous studies, we conclude that chronic pain can disrupt the synchrony of a common pool of brain areas, involved in self monitoring, pain processing and salience detection.