Article Text

other Versions

PDF
Abnormal modulation of electrodermal activity by thermoalgesic stimuli in patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis
  1. Pedro Schestatsky1,2,
  2. Marco A Callejas3,
  3. Josep Valls-Solé2
  1. 1Neurology Service, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil
  2. 2Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
  3. 3Department of Surgery, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain
  1. Correspondence to Dr Josep Valls-Solé, EMG Unit, Neurology Department, Hospital Clínic, Villarroel 170, Barcelona 08036, Spain; jvalls{at}clinic.ub.es

Abstract

Background The authors examined the effects of thermal stimulation on electrodermal activity (EDA) in patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PPH). The authors hypothesised that temperature changes may induce abnormal sudomotor reactions because of simultaneous activation of sudomotor centres through thermal and emotional pathways, and compared patients before and after thoracoscopic sympathectomy.

Methods The authors studied 18 PPH patients and 20 controls. Patients reported subjective evaluation of their symptoms using a visual analogue scale for palmar sweating and for body sweating (bs-VAS). The authors applied focal thermal stimulation to quantify sensory perception and measure ongoing changes in EDA recorded from the palm of the hands.

Results Before sympathectomy, patients had lower sensory perception thresholds and higher EDA levels than controls. Increased EDA occurred along the whole test, with no significant modulation by changes in thermal stimulation. Sensory perception normalised after sympathectomy, but thermal modulation of EDA remained abnormal whenever sudomotor activity was present after surgery. There was a significant positive correlation between EDA levels before treatment and the bs-VAS (from r=0.45 to r=0.57).

Conclusions Patients with PPH show perceptual abnormalities and exaggerated sudomotor reactions to thermoalgesic stimulation, consistent with central sensitisation of sympathetic circuits. The reduced sympathetic outflow after thoracoscopic sympathectomy induced normalisation of sensory perception, but it did not modify the abnormal control of efferent sudomotor activity.

  • Primary palmar hyperhidrosis
  • electrodermal activity
  • thermoalgesic stimuli
  • quantitative sensory testing
  • autonomic
  • neurophysiol
  • clinical
  • peripheral nerve surgery
  • sympathetic skin response

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Funding This work was done thanks in part to a grant from CAPES, Brazil, to PS, and a grant from FIS, Spain, to JV-S (PI040970).

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Spain.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.