Background and aim The prognostic impact of ACE inhibitors (ACE-Is) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) on stroke mortality remains unclear. We aimed to examine whether prestroke use of ACE-Is or ARBs was associated with improved short-term mortality following ischaemic stroke, intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) and subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH).
Methods We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study using medical registries in Denmark. We identified all first-time stroke patients during 2004–2012 and their comorbidities. We defined ACE-I/ARB use as current use (last prescription redemption <90 days before admission for stroke), former use and non-use. Current use was further classified as new or long-term use. We used Cox regression modelling to compute 30-day mortality rate ratios (MRRs) with 95% CIs, controlling for potential confounders.
Results We identified 100 043 patients with a first-time stroke. Of these, 83 736 patients had ischaemic stroke, 11 779 had ICH, and 4528 had SAH. For ischaemic stroke, the adjusted 30-day MRR was reduced in current users compared with non-users (0.85, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.89). There was no reduction in the adjusted 30-day MRR for ICH (0.95, 95% CI 0.87 to 1.03) or SAH (1.01, 95% CI 0.84 to 1.21), comparing current users with non-users. No association with mortality was found among former users compared with non-users. No notable modification of the association was observed within sex or age strata.
Conclusions Current use of ACE-Is/ARBs was associated with reduced 30-day mortality among patients with ischaemic stroke. We found no association among patients with ICH or SAH.
- CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE
- SUBARACHNOID HAEMORRHAGE