Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the included patients with Parkinson's disease

CharacteristicnMedian value/number with characteristic
Mean age in years (SD)20072.1 (10.3, range 37–90)
Male gender (%)200118 (59)
Symptom duration (months)19914 (9 to 25, range 2–121)
UPDRS (I)1661 (0 to 2)
UPDRS (II)16710 (6 to 14)
UPDRS (III)20024 (16 to 32)
Total UPDRS16537 (25 to 49)
H-Y stage ≥3.0 (%)19952 (26)
S&E <80% (%)20050 (25)
GDS-15 ≥5 (%)15640 (26)
MMSE16629 (27 to 29)
Barthel ADL index15820 (18 to 20)
  • Data are medians with IQRs unless otherwise stated. The ‘n’ column indicates the number of patients who contributed data in each case.

  • GDS-15, 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale; H-Y, Hoehn-Yahr stage; MMSE, Mini-mental state examination; S&E, Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living Scale; UPDRS, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale.