Table 2

(Left) PDQ-39 scores (all dimensions and index score) at T0 and T1 for controls and experimental group, and (right) PDQ-39 delta values (T1–T0) for controls and experimental group

ControlsExperimental groupControlsExperimental groupP
T0T1PT0T1PDelta T1–T0Delta T1–T0
PDQ-39 index score41.6±22.942.8±22.90.2343.6±21.435.3±22.1<0.00011.2±9.9−8.3±18.0<0.0001
Mobility13.3±10.713.4±10.40.5413.6±9.311.5±10.2<0.00010.1±4.8−2.0±7.60.0047
ADL6.8±5.56.7±5.70.366.7±5.05.6±5.3<0.0001−0.1±2.9−1.2±4.30.0160
Emotional well-being6.5±5.07.1±4.70.107.0±4.65.6±4.7<0.00010.6±2.8−1.4±4.1<0.0001
Stigma4.6±1.95.0±2.40.804.5±2.74.4±2.40.80250.3±2.2−0.1±2.70.71
Social support2.0±1.92.1±2.00.602.0±2.21.3±2.0<0.00010.1±1.6−0.7±2.30.0093
Cognition3.3±2.43.4±2.20.493.8±2.92.5±2.4<0.00010.1±1.4−1.2±2.5<0.0001
Communication2.1±2.42.0±2.10.562.2±2.21.4±1.7<0.0001−0.1±1.3−0.8±2.00.0015
Bodily discomfort3.1±2.63.2±2.50.653.7±2.72.9±2.5<0.00010.1±1.5−0.8±2.40.0016
  • ADL, activities of daily living; PDQ-39, Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire-39.