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Craniopagus twins
  1. A. B. Todorov,
  2. K. L. Cohen,
  3. V. Spilotro,
  4. E. Landau
  1. Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.
  2. The University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, U.S.A.
  3. Rancho Los Amigos Hospital, Downey, California, 90242, U.S.A.


    Craniopagus twins are described. At the age of 24 years, the twins appeared to have adapted well to their disability. The site of union, their relatively advanced age, and the high risk of operation were the reasons for not proposing surgical separation. Perceptive upbringing and adaptation to the disability may be alternatives to the neurosurgical management of this birth defect.

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    • 1 This paper was presented at the Fourth International Conference on Birth Defects, Vienna, Austria, 2-8 September 1973.