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Raised intracranial pressure and cerebral blood flow. 5. Effects of episodic intracranial pressure waves in primates.
  1. I H Johnston,
  2. J O Rowan,
  3. D M Park,
  4. M J Rennie


    The effects of episodic waves of intracranial pressure on cerebral blood flow were studied in primates. Six pressure waves each of 20 minutes' duration and ranging from 50 to 100 mmHg in magnitude were induced in baboons, at intervals of 30 minutes, in an attempt to simulate clinical plateau waves. With pressure waves up to 75 mmHg, cerebral blood flow remained at control levels despite falling cerebral perfusion pressures. Between the initial pressure waves a marked hyperaemia developed, with cerebral blood flow increasing by as much as 100%, and this appeared to be a means whereby adequate flow was maintained during pressure waves. Later pressure waves, up to 100 mmHg, eventually reduced blood flow below control levels, although moderately high flows were maintained during periods of very low perfusion pressure. Brain metabolism was affected by eht episodic pressure waves, although no consistent change was seen.

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