Chronic transformation of muscle in spasticity: a peripheral contribution to increased tone.
Mechanical properties of relaxed lower leg muscles were assessed by torque measurements during imposed constant velocity dorsiflexion-plantarflexion cycles. At low angular velocities, they exhibited an elastic and an energy-consuming, velocity-independent (plastic) resistance. In most patients with long-standing spasticity, both of these were enhanced. The results support the hypothesis of secondary structural changes of muscles in spasticity.
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