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The aetiology of mirror writing: a new hypothesis.
  1. K Tashiro,
  2. A Matsumoto,
  3. T Hamada,
  4. F Moriwaka
  1. Department of Neurosurgery, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.


    Twenty-eight cases of mirror writing were seen during a period of three and a half years. These consisted of 12 patients with essential tremor, nine with Parkinson's disease, three with spino-cerebellar degeneration and four other cases. There were no cases of hemiparesis, aphasia, apraxia, agnosia or confusion. Fragmentary reversals were excluded from this study. Since essential tremor, Parkinsonian tremor and cerebellar tremor can be abolished by a stereotaxic produce applied to the thalamus, a common neural pathway via the thalamic nuclei may exist in these disorders. The existence is therefore proposed of some neural mechanism that controls the higher cerebral function of writing via the thalamus.

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