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The origins of lumbosacral spinal evoked potentials in humans using a surface electrode recording technique.
  1. C Yiannikas,
  2. B T Shahani
  1. Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.


    Somatosensory evoked potentials were recorded over the lumbar spine and scalp in 12 normal subjects after stimulating the posterior tibial nerve at the knee and ankle and the sural nerve at the ankle. The H-reflex from the soleus muscle was recorded at the same time. The effects of stimulus intensity, frequency of stimulation and vibration were assessed. It was concluded that when the posterior tibial nerve was stimulated in the popliteal fossa, three negative peaks were recorded over the lumbosacral area. They arose from activity in the dorsal roots, the dorsal horn of the spinal cord (SD) and the ventral roots. In contrast when the posterior tibial nerve and the sural nerve were stimulated at the ankle only two negative peaks were recorded, a dorsal root potential and a spinal cord dorsum potential. In addition the data suggested that the peripheral nerve fibres that are involved with generating the surface recorded spinal potential with mixed nerve stimulation are primarily muscle afferents.

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