The effect of IgG immunoadsorption upon the course of chronic experimental allergic neuritis (EAN) is described. Miniature membrane plasma separators coupled with a Protein A (PA)-Sepharose immunoadsorbent column were used to perform upon conscious rabbits 5 IgG immunoadsorption treatments over 6 days. Quantitation of anti-myelin IgG and IgM by ELISA revealed that 55-65% of plasma IgG was removed per treatment. Rapid post-treatment antibody rebound was observed for anti-myelin IgG although no antibody overshoot above control levels could be observed. Anti-myelin IgM levels remained relatively unaffected by PA immunoadsorption. Comparisons of clinical scores between control and treatment animals showed that IgG immunoadsorption was significantly beneficial (day 1 post-treatment p less than 0.001; day 2 post-treatment p less than 0.05). However, rapid relapse was observed in all treatment animals such that by day 3 post-treatment no significant clinical difference between control and treatment groups could be observed. IgG immunoadsorption suppresses the clinical progression of chronic EAN in a manner similar to that seen with plasma exchange. This finding suggests that antibody modulates early disease pathogenesis.
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