This reports a 40 year old man with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis who had bilateral cataracts, enlarged Achilles tendons, progressive dementia, gait disturbance and peripheral neuropathy. Electroencephalography, electromyography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and spine were performed. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed cerebral, cerebellar and cervical cord atrophy and white matter involvement in the cerebrum and cerebellum correlating well with the clinical findings. To date there has been one previous report of MRI of the brain in cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis and none of the spinal cord.
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