Tumours of mixed glial and sarcomatous elements occurring in intracranial neoplasms are well recognised and have been termed gliosarcomas. These tumours account for up to 8% of all glioblastomas. The sarcomatous elements are thought to derive from the neoplastic transformation of mesenchymal cells in or adjacent to the tumour. This transformation usually has the appearance of a fibrosarcoma or angiosarcoma. Alternative mesenchymal neoplastic differentiation may occur, however, giving rise to the appearances of chondrosarcoma and osteosarcoma. In 1969 Goldman described a case in which the sarcomatous elements of a mixed gliosarcoma appeared, on the basis of light microscopy alone, to differentiate towards skeletal muscle having the features of a rhabdomyosarcoma. He coined the term gliomyosarcoma. In 1986 Barnard et al reported a second case and demonstrated the features of rhabdomyosarcoma using the electron microscope. A further case characterised with both light microscopic and immunohistochemical techniques is reported.
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