Eighteen patients with idiopathic hypersomnia (IH) were compared with 50 patients with the narcoleptic syndrome of cataplexy and daytime sleepiness (NLS) using self report questionnaires and a diary of sleep/wake patterns. The IH group reported more consolidated nocturnal sleep, a lower propensity to nap, greater refreshment after naps, and a greater improvement in excessive daytime sleepiness since onset than the NLS group. In IH, the onset of excessive daytime sleepiness was predominantly associated with familial inheritance or a viral illness. Two variable--number of reported awakenings during nocturnal sleep and the reported change in sleepiness since onset--provided maximum discrimination between the IH and NLS groups. Confusional arousals, extended naps or nocturnal sleep, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, low ratings of medication effectiveness, or side effects of medication were not associated differentially with either IH or NLS.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.