OBJECTIVE To investigate prospectively the proportion of patients actually operated on early in units that aim at surgery in the acute phase of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and what is the main current determinant of poor outcome.
METHODS A prospective analysis of all SAH patients admitted during a one year period at three neurosurgical units that aim at early surgery. The following clinical details were recorded: age, sex, date of SAH, date of admission to the neurosurgical centre, whether a patient was referred by a regional hospital or a general practitioner, Glasgow coma scale and grade of SAH (World Federation of Neurological Surgeons (WFNS) score) on admission at the neurosurgical unit, results of CT and CSF examination, the presence of an aneurysm on angiography, details of treatment with nimodipine or antifibrinolytic agents, and the date of surgery to clip the aneurysm. At follow up at three months, the patients’ clinical outcome was determined with the Glasgow outcome scale and in cases of poor outcome the cause for this was recorded.
RESULTS The proportion of patients that was operated on early—that is, within three days after SAH—was 55%. Thirty seven of all 102 admitted patients had a poor outcome. Rebleeding and the initial bleeding were the main causes of this in 35% and 32% respectively of all patients with poor outcome.
CONCLUSIONS In neurosurgical units with what has been termed “modern management” including early surgery, about half of the patients are operated on early. Rebleeding is still the major cause of poor outcome.
- aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage
- timing of surgery
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.