Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Environmental differences in twin pairs discordant for Alzheimer’s disease
  1. I Räihäa,
  2. J Kaprioc,
  3. M Koskenvuob,
  4. T Rajalaa,
  5. L Sourandera
  1. aDepartment of Geriatrics, bDepartment of Public Health, University of Turku, Finland, cDepartment of Public Health, University of Helsinki, and Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki
  1. Dr I Räihä, Department of Geriatrics, University of Turku, Kunnallissairaalantie 20, FIN-20700 Turku, Finland. Telephone 00 358 2 2692060; fax 00358 21 2692107.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of environmental factors to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease by comparing environmental differences in twin pairs discordant for Alzheimer’s disease. Seventy four twin pairs discordant for Alzheimer’s disease were found by linking the Finnish twin cohort and the Hospital Discharge Register from years 1972–91. In 50 pairs (25 monozygotic and 25 dizygotic pairs), both co-twins had responded to a questionnaire survey in 1975. Exposure differences were compared between these pairs. A reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease was significantly associated with a higher level of schooling (relative risk 0.3; 95% confidence interval 0.1–0.9, p=0.029). In addition, a reduced risk was suggestively associated with ambidextrousness or left handedness (p=0.083) and an increased risk with marriage (p=0.052), widowhood (p=0.074), and a history of cholelithiasis (p=0.071). In conclusion, a reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease was associated with a higher level of schooling.

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • co-twin control study
  • dementia
  • discordance
  • education
  • twin

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Footnotes