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A 25 year old right handed male shop assistant presented with seizures, visual problems, and malaise. The first symptoms were arthralgia and fatigue shortly followed by a bifrontal headache. A few days later he developed a visual disturbance that he described as peripheral blurred patches in both visual fields similar to the effect of staring into a bright light. About 2 weeks from the onset of symptoms he was driving when he had numerous episodes of deja vu and three episodes of a pungent sickly smell. He then lost consciousness and crashed his car into a public house without serious injury. An off duty nurse witnessed a generalised tonic-clonic seizure at the time. He was admitted to hospital and investigated but no diagnosis was made. The headache stopped completely in a month; the visual defects improved slightly but persisted. Six months later he had a relapse with recurrent headaches, pyrexia, and enlargement of the scotoma in the right eye and he was readmitted. He had had recurrent oral ulceration for 3 years and psoriasis since childhood, but no genital ulceration, red eyes, or venous thrombosis.
On examination he had a low grade pyrexia. General examination was otherwise normal with no …
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