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Indicators of rapid clinical recovery in Guillain-Barré syndrome

Abstract

To elucidate the features of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome who show markedly rapid clinical recovery, clinical, serological, and electrophysiological data of 80 consecutive patients were reviewed. Antigangliosides, and Campylobacter jejuni and Haemophilus influenzaeantibodies were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assays. Nine (11%) patients showed rapid recovery (improvement by two or more Hughes grades within 2 weeks). They often had electrodiagnosis of acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN; 67%), preserved tendon reflexes (44%), anti-GM1 antibodies (89%), preceding H influenzae infection (44%), and received immunoglobulin treatment (44%). On the other hand six patients with poor prognosis often had AMAN (100%) and anti-GM1 antibody (83%), but a higher incidence of preceding C jejuni infection (83%). It is concluded that patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome with AMAN and anti-GM1 antibodies have either faster or slower recoveries. Among the axonal subgroup of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome, preserved tendon reflexes, H influenzae infection, and the patient having received immunoglobulin treatment may be indicators of rapid recovery.

  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • acute motor axonal neuropathy
  • tendon reflex
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • anti-GM1 antibody

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