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Luis Morquio qualified in medicine from the University of Montevideo in 1892. After the completion of his medical training in Paris he studied at the Pasteur Institute. He specialised in paediatrics. In 1894 he returned to Uruguay, where he became the director of a newly established paediatric clinic and professor of paediatrics in Montevideo. Eponymically he is remembered for Morquio's syndrome, otherwise known as mucopolysaccharidosis type IV. This is one of the least common of the group of hereditary specific lysosomal enzyme deficiencies which cause pathological accumulation and urinary excretion of incompletely degraded mucopolysaccharides. In Morquio's syndrome cervical cord compression is the most severe complication, resulting from hypoplasia of the odontoid process with secondary atlantoaxial instability. This is one of the major causes of death in Morquio's syndrome. A stamp was issued in Morquio's honour in 1969, to commemorate the 100th year of his birth (Stanley Gibbons 1411, Scott C356).
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