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Vestibular reflexes and positional manoeuvres
  1. A M Bronstein
  1. Correspondence to:
 Professor A M Bronstein, Academic Department of Neuro-otology, Division of Neuroscience and Psychological Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Charing Cross Hospital, London W6 8RF, UK; A.Bronstein{at}


Dizziness and vertigo are some of the more frequently encountered symptoms in neurology clinics. In turn, one of the most common causes of vertigo is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), accounting for a quarter of all patients with dizziness and vertigo. Reviewing the value of the positional manoeuvres available is relevant, particularly in the light of the efficient treatments available for BPPV. In this article I will deal with positional manoeuvres first, and then with how vestibulo-ocular reflexes (VOR) can be tested in the clinic. I will not discuss VOR suppression assessment.

  • vestibular reflexes
  • positional manoeuvres
  • BPPV, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
  • VOR, vestibulo-ocular reflex

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