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Discrepancy between lesion distributions on methionine PET and MR images in patients with glioblastoma multiforme: insight from a PET and MR fusion image study
  1. K Miwa1,
  2. J Shinoda1,
  3. H Yano1,
  4. A Okumura2,
  5. T Iwama1,
  6. T Nakashima2,
  7. N Sakai1
  1. 1Department of Neurosurgery, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan
  2. 2Chubu Medical Centre for Prolonged Traumatic Brain Dysfunction, Minokamo, Japan
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr J Shinoda
 Department of Neurosurgery, Gifu University School of Medicine, 40 Tsukasa-machi, Gifu 500-8705, Japan;


Objective: To examine 11C-methyl methionine (MET) accumulation on positron emission tomographic (PET) imaging of glioblastoma multiforme to determine the distribution of metabolic abnormality compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Methods: Contemporaneous MRI was superimposed on corresponding MET-PET images in 10 patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme before treatment. Differences between the extended area of MET accumulation on PET imaging (MET area), the gadolinium (Gd) enhanced area on T1 weighted images (Gd area), and the abnormal high signal intensity area on T2 weighted images (T2-high area) were assessed.

Results: The MET area was larger than the Gd area and included the entire Gd area. The discrepancy in volume between the MET and Gd areas became greater with increasing tumour diameter. On average, 58.6% of the MET area was located within the Gd area, 90.1% within 10 mm outside the Gd area, 98.1% within 20 mm, and 99.8% within 30 mm. A newly developed Gd area had emerged in five of the 10 cases up to the time of study. In three of the five cases this was in the MET area even after complete surgical resection of the Gd area on the initial MRI; in the remaining two it originated in the residual Gd area after surgery. In all cases, the T2-high area was larger than the MET area. The MET area extended partly beyond the T2-high area in nine cases, and was completely within it in one.

Conclusions: Glioblastoma multiforme cells may extend over the Gd area and more widely with increasing tumour size on Gd-MRI. The T2-high area includes the greater part of the tumour but not its entire area. The methods reported may be useful in planning surgical resection, biopsy, or radiosurgery.

  • positron emission tomography
  • methionine
  • tumour invasion
  • glioblastoma multiforme
  • magnetic resonance imaging

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  • Competing interests: none declared