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A note on Pierre Marie (1853–1940)
  1. J M S Pearce
  1. 304 Beverley Road, Analby, HULL HU10 7BG, UK;

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    It is perhaps a reflection of the great pace of medical advance in the 19th and early 20th century that Charcot, Gowers, Foix, Parkes Weber, and others had so many diseases to commemorate their names. Much has been written about the merits and drawbacks of eponyms1 but the habit lingers. For assiduous collators, one of the most impressive lists attributed to a single individual is associated with Pierre Marie.

    Pierre Marie was born of a wealthy Parisian family. He attended a boarding school in Vauves. Under coercion from his father he read law before deciding on a medical career. He became an intern in 1878 and under the spell of Charcot soon developed an interest in nervous diseases at the Salpêtrière and Bicêtre. An outstanding student, he worked as special clinical assistant. In 1883 he received his doctorate with a dissertation on Basedow’s disease, which included his observations on static tremor …

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    • Hyperthyroidism, goitre, and exophthalmos were first described by the English physician Caleb Hillier Parry in 1786 and 1815, but are named in Europe after Carl Adolph von Basedow whose report was in 1840, and in England after Robert Graves 1835.(See ref 2))