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Phenotypic variability in siblings with type III spinal muscular atrophy


Autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) shows substantial phenotypic variability, presenting at a variety of ages from infancy to adult life. Diagnostic difficulties may arise because SMA sometimes produces a dystrophic or myopathic phenotype rather than classical neurogenic abnormalities. Two brothers are described who illustrate this principle and highlight the increasing importance of molecular genetics in investigating patients with neuromuscular diseases. The findings are discussed in the light of recent observations in a mouse model of SMA.

  • SMA, spinal muscular atrophy
  • SMN, survival motor neurone
  • genetics
  • myopathy
  • spinal muscular atrophy

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