Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Clinical study of 35 patients with dysarthria-clumsy hand syndrome
  1. A Arboix1,
  2. Y Bell3,
  3. L García-Eroles2,
  4. J Massons1,
  5. E Comes1,
  6. M Balcells1,
  7. C Targa1
  1. 1Acute Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital del Sagrat Cor, Barcelona, Spain
  2. 2Intensive Care Unit, Hospital del Sagrat Cor, Barcelona, Spain
  3. 3Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital del Sagrat Cor, Barcelona, Spain
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr A Arboix
 Acute Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital del Sagrat Cor, Viladomat 288, E-08029 Barcelona, Spain;


Objectives: Although dysarthria-clumsy hand syndrome (DCHS) is a well known and infrequent lacunar syndrome, there are few data regarding the spectrum of associated clinical characteristics, anatomical site of lesion, and aetiopathogenetic mechanisms. We report a clinical description of this subtype of lacunar stroke based on data collected from a prospective acute stroke registry.

Methods: From 2500 acute stroke patients included in a hospital based prospective stroke registry over a 12-year period, 35 patients were identified as having DCHS.

Results: DCHS accounted for 1.6% of all acute stroke patients (35/2110), 1.9% of acute ischaemic stroke (35/1840), and 6.1% of lacunar syndromes (35/570) admitted consecutively to a neurology department and included in the stroke registry over this period. The results supported the lacunar hypothesis in 94.3% of patients (n = 33). Atherothrombotic and cardioembolic infarction occurred in only one patient each (2.9%). No patient with DCHS had an intracerebral haemorrhage. Outcome was good (mortality in hospital 0%, symptom free at discharge 45.7%). After multivariate analysis, absence of limitation at discharge, limb weakness but not cerebellar-type ataxia, and internal capsule (40%), pons (17%), and corona radiata (8.6%) location were significantly associated with DCHS.

Conclusions: DCHS is a rare cerebrovascular syndrome, and supports the criteria of the lacunar hypothesis. The majority of patients in this study had internal capsule infarcts. The prognosis is good with striking similarity compared with other types of lacunar strokes. There are important differences between DCHS and non-lacunar strokes. Internal capsule and pons are the most frequent cerebral sites.

  • dysarthria-clumsy hand syndrome
  • lacunar stroke
  • acute stroke
  • DCHS, dysarthria-clumsy hand syndrome

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Financial support: none

  • Competing interest: none