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Camptocormia in Parkinson’s disease: new insights
  1. R Djaldetti,
  2. E Melamed
  1. Department of Neurology, Rabin Medical Center, Petah-Tiva, Tel Aviv, Israel
  1. Correspondence to:
 E Melamed
 Department of Neurology, Rabin Medical Center, Petah-Tiva, Tel Aviv, Israel; emelamed{at}

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Camptocormia—either a central disorder or an outcome of peripheral mechanism

Of the several axial deformities, stooped posture is the most common postural abnormality. Other more extreme forms include drop head, Pisa syndrome and camptocormia (bent spine). The first two are usually related to multisystem atrophy, but camptocormia is now known as one of the extreme posture impairments in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Although early reports often attributed this symptom to a conversion disorder or malingering, it is now accepted also as one of the axial features of Parkinson’s disease. Since the first description,1 many case reports and series have been published, further …

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  • Competing interests: None declared.