Objective: To compare long term (10 years) seizure outcome, psychosocial outcome and use of antiepileptic drugs (AED) with the 2 year follow-up in adults after resective epilepsy surgery.
Methods: All adults (n = 70) who underwent resective epilepsy surgery from 1987 to 1995 in the Göteborg Epilepsy Surgery Series were included. Fifty-four had undergone temporal lobe resections and 16 extratemporal resections (12 frontal). A cross-sectional follow-up in the form of a semistructured interview was performed in late 2003.
Results: Mean follow-up was 12.4 years (range 8.6–16.2). Of the 70 patients (51% males), five (7%) were dead (three as a result of non-epilepsy related causes). Of the 65 patients interviewed, 38 (58%) were seizure-free at the long term follow-up: 65% of the patients with temporal lobe resections and 36% of the patients with extratemporal resections. Of the 35 patients who were seizure-free at the 2 year follow-up, 3 (9%) had seizures at the long term follow-up. Of the 30 patients who had seizures at the 2 year follow-up, 6 (20%) were seizure-free at the long term follow-up. Of all 65 patients, 45 (69%) had the same seizure status as the 2 year follow-up. Sixteen (25%) had an improved seizure status and 4 (6%) had a worsened status. Of the seizure-free patients, 11 (29%) had ceased taking AED, 28 (74%) were working and 25 (66%) had a driving license.
Conclusions: Adult patients who are seizure-free 2 years after resective epilepsy surgery are most likely to still be seizure-free 10 years later. Most are working and have obtained a driving license.
- AED, antiepileptic drugs
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